Health Facts About Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis cause

The cause of mononucleosis or glandular fever is an infection by the Epstein Barr virus, a member of the herpes virus family.

Like all the herpes viruses, the mononucleosis virus remains in the body for life.

In some cases, the mononucleosis virus can be reactivated when the body’s defenses are lowered causing some people to get mononucleosis twice or in rare cases, recurrent mononucleosis.

Mononucleosis symptoms

The typical mononucleosis symptoms are:

  • Swollen glands in neck, armpits or groin
  • Fever ranging from mild to severe
  • Fatigue, sometimes extreme
  • Sore throat, similar to tonsillitis

Some patients will also suffer from:

  • Enlarged tonsils
  • Headache
  • Aching muscles
  • Poor appetite
  • Skin rash
  • Abdominal pain
  • Puffy eyelids
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Cough or runny nose
  • Enlarged liver and spleen.

Is mononucleosis the same as glandular fever?

Yes, it is the same disease as glandular fever. It is also called infectious mononucleosis, mono, mononucleosis virus, Epstein Barr, Epstein Barr virus and EBV.

Duration of mononucleosis

Symptoms of mononucleosis usually last from 1 – 4 weeks although some cases may last months.

Can you get mononucleosis twice? Is mononucleosis recurrent?

Generally, people only get mononucleosis once. Some peopleĀ  get mononucleosis twice. About 6% of people experience recurrent mononucleosis for months or years after they initially contact the virus.

A mononucleosis relapse or recurring mononucleosis means that the immune system needs to be strengthened in order to keep the mononucleosis symptoms at bay.

The e-book has a comprehensive mononucleosis treatment plan that ensures long term mononucleosis recovery.

How do you get mononucleosis?

The mononucleosis virus is shed from the throat during the illness and up to a year after the infection. The virus can become dormant and later reactivated during a mononucleosis relapse when it can be shed from the throat again.

Apart from through kissing, saliva can transmit the mononucleosis virus by people sharing drinking glasses, eating utensils, towels or toys. Mononucleosis can be transmitted from mouth to hand so washing hands well is important.

 

Is mononucleosis contagious?

Though good personal hygiene makes sense, the mononucleosis virus is everywhere, and exposure to it cannot be avoided entirely. Washing hands well, avoiding kissing and not sharing towels, glasses and eating utensils with infected patients is a good idea. People with mononucleosis do not need to be isolated from others.

 

Mononucleosis incubation

Mononucleosis symptoms appear 30 – 50 days after exposure to the mononucleosis virus, although some people are infected with the virus for weeks or months before any symptoms begin to appear.

Mononucleosis diagnosis

Mononucleosis diagnosis is based on a persons age, symptoms and a physical exam. A diagnosis of mononucleosis is made from laboratory tests including:

  • Atypical lymphocytes – a type of white blood cell, in the blood. In mononucleosis, these atypical lymphocytes make up more than 10% of total lymphocytes.
  • Increased total white blood cell count
  • Antibody tests like the mono spot test.
  • Additional Epstein Barr antibody tests

These are fully explained in the e-book.

Mononucleosis treatment

The conventional medical approach to mononucleosis treatmentĀ  is not very effective. It includes only the basics like relieving mononucleosis symptoms. Advice normally given is to rest, drink plenty of fluids, gargle with salt water and suck on throat lozenges to relieve a sore throat. To relieve pain and fever, acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be recommended.

Antibiotics like penicillin are of no help in mono. Mononucleosis is caused by a virus, and antibiotics don’t work against viruses. If you have a bacterial infection in addition to having mono, your doctor may give you an antibiotic.

 

Can mononucleosis cause chronic fatigue?

Some patients suffer from recurring mononucleosis. It is often in times of stress when a mononucleosis relapse occurs.

Their primary mononucleosis symptom is usually fatigue and they end up being diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

The bottom line is how healthy your immune system is. If you still get recurring mononucleosis with sore throats, swollen glands or fatigue, it is nature’s way of telling you that something is wrong with your immune system.

It may be suppressed from poor eating habits, nutritional imbalances, stress, smoking or a chronic underlying disease. Your genes can also make you more susceptible to disease.

Fortunately, through general lifestyle practices like a healthy diet, stress reduction, regular exercise and taking some immune boosting supplements, you can strengthen your immunity and make a full mononucleosis recovery.

See the e-book for my comprehensive mononucleosis treatment plan.

 

Can mononucleosis in children be a concern?

Mononucleosis in adults is most common, mainly affecting adults aged 15 – 40. In children the mononucleosis symptoms are normally less severe. Mononucleosis in children is often passed off as a cold or flu and may not even be diagnosed.

In some cases acute mononucleosis in children can be serious and has been known to turn into chronic mononucleosis. Mononucleosis treatment in children is the same as in adults as explained in “Nature’s Amazing Mononucleosis Cures”.

 

Can mononucleosis in pregnancy be serious?

Recent research shows that reactivation of the Epstein Barr virusĀ  during pregnancy may shorten the duration of the pregnancy. It has been associated with the baby having a lower average birth weight, length and head circumference.

Since pregnancy and breastfeeding can cause fatigue, it is vital to address a mononucleosis treatment plan that ensures a quick recovery.